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PROJECTS Robotics

How To Build An Automatic Navigation Robot ( Based On The HCR Robotic Platform) : Lesson 2

DFRobot May 17 2017 567

In the last week, we finished hardware configuration:

How To Build An Automatic Navigation Robot ( Based On The HCR Robotic Platform) : Lesson 1

Today we will complete firmware code configuration!


Components: 

(1)Slamware breakout V3.0


(2)RPLIDAR A2 - 360 Degree Laser Scanner Development Kit


(3)HCR - Mobile Robot Platform with Sensors and Microcontroller


(4) Ultrasonic sensor*3

(5) Motor drive

(6) High current lithium polymer battery

(7)DuPont lines, a VCC, GND expansion panel (homemade)


 
4. STM32 Firmware configuration

Chassis firmware code needs to be modified to the specific parameters suiting the current chassis. You can use slamware_config_tool.exe tool to automatically generate configuration file:

Configuration tool link: http://pan.baidu.com/s/1qXHWDzQ  Password: 3hs6

Open slamware_config_tool.exe and add the following parameters:

(1)Chassis diameter: set Robot Diameter as 0.36 meter, the actual diameter of chassis (circumcircle).
       
(2)Position setting of ultrasonic and collision sensors: set the coordinates (x, y, z) and angles (counterclockwise) of 3 ultrasonic sensors and 3 collision sensors. Coordinates are shown below (origin is the center of platform):

(3) Lidar settings: in the following sheet, coordinates (x, y) are the mounting position of radar center under the said coordinate system. Angle is 0 degree along the advancing direction opposite to interface lead, interface lead forward 180 degrees as the experiment is lead forward. Parameter settings need to be converted into radian system
       


(4)Motion Plan and Feature configuration
 
Motion Plan applies default configuration

      
Remove Has IR Tower on Feature page
      
After completing configurations of all parameters, click Export at the upper right corner, save the configuration file as binary_config.c, and put it in the source code of project.


Code modification:

(1) Replace binary config.c file in Source of project.

(2) Adjust PID parameters and pulses per meter of motor

a. PID control algorithm parameter debugging method

Gradually increase P value and I value from 0, until the robot could respond quickly and doesn’t start quivering. Reference value of the experimental platform is P=1, I =0.2, D=0. You can also independently set PID parameters of motor.c to achieve the desired effect.

       
b. Calculation of pulses per meter
 The motor could output 663 pulse feedback signals per rotation. Wheel diameter is 13CM. We can calculate that one meter is equivalent to 2.45 rotations. Therefore, pulses per meter is 663 * 2.45 = 1624 (set in motor.h)

       
5.Firmware burning

We can short-circuit BOOT0. Connect the serial port shown below on breakout. Use flyMcu tool to burn the adjusted firmware to MCU. On-line operation is shown below. After completing burning, restore pin connection

       
       
Download link of flyMcu tool
Link: http://pan.baidu.com/s/1o8MuF0I  Password: 717j


       


  

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